Saltillo

Saltillo, un real.
Cancel Sz1355 in blue.
This wonderful couple belongs to Doug Stout.

Saltillo is located in the state of Coahuila de Zaragoza. It was the 27th largest postal district, based on the number of stamps used, and 27th by total value of all stamps used. The average cost of the stamps used was 1.47 reales. Saltillo had about 19,900 inhabitants around 1850.

Saltillo had 13 sub-offices: Avasolo de Cos (Villa de Cos), Candela, Matamoros, Monclova, Nava, Parras (Parras de la Fuente), Patos (Villa de Vatos), Ramos Arispe, San Buenaventura, Santo Domingo, Villa de Guerrero, Villa de Muzquiz (Muzquiz) and Villa de Rosas.

The following consignments were made according to Chapman:
  Day Month Year Invoice # Medio Un Dos Cuatro Ocho
Sent 30 8 1856 31 2940 2520 1020 180 420
Sent 31 12 1856 104     1500    
Sent 11 5 1857 93 600 1000 1900    
Sent 23 11 1857 236 600 4000      
Sent 21 12 1857 262 1200 6000 3800    
Total sent       5 5340 13520 8220 180 420
Returned         -1663        
Total Used 26017 5 3677 13520 8220 180 420
Distribution         14.13% 51.97% 31.59% 0.69% 1.61%
Distribution vs. all stamps         0.48% 0.98% 0.51% 0.12% 0.45%

There are no known copies of the cuatro reales stamps in existence today.

Assuming that the first consignment contained 1,020 dos reales stamps in the emerald shade, and that the second consignment contained 1,500 in the olive shade, we have a rather skewed catalog price for these stamps. The Follansbee catalog values the emerald at about five times the value of the olive shade. In my opinion, the emerald stamps are overvalued by up to 30%, while the olive stamps may be a undervalued by at least 50%, and possibly should catalog double the current value.

Saltillo is distinguished by being the only district which overprinted the stamps in three different colors: Black, blue and red. The black overprint is by far the most common, the blue is scarce and the red is quite rare, with perhaps less than a handfull of stamps known.

Saltillo used at least two different overprints:
16½ x 1¾mm with leading and trailing dot.
17½ x 2mm. I don't know what this one looks like.
It is currently not known if both overprints are found in all three colors.

The overprints are generally not very well struck on this issue. They are much improved on the 1861 issue.

On average, the stamps have normal margins for the issue.

Forgeries from Saltillo exist. A MEPSI certificate is recommended.

Saltillo was the capital of Coahuila y Tejas, an honor it shared on and off with Monclova.

 

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