Queretaro

Queretaro, un real.
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19 by 3 mm. overprint.
Queretaro, un real.
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20 by 2 mm. overprint with dot.
Queretaro, un real.
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18 by 2 mm. double tete-beche overprint.
Queretaro, dos reales.
Plate I, emerald

Queretaro is located in the state of Queretaro de Arteaga. It was the 6th largest postal district, based on the number of stamps used, and 6th by total value of all stamps used. The average cost of the stamps used was 1.56 reales. (Santiago de) Queretaro had about 27,900 inhabitants around 1850.

Queretaro had 23 sub-offices: Acambaro, Allende (San Miguel Allende), Amealco, Apaseo, Cadereyta, Celaya, Chamacuero, Dolores Hidalgo, Jalpan, Polotitlan, Salamanca, Salvatierra, San Jose de Iturbide, San Juan del Rio, San Luis de la Paz, San Miguel Jerecuaro, Soyaniquilpan, Tarimoro, Tolimanoja, Valle de Santiago, Villa de San Felipe, Yrapuato (Irapuato) and Yuririapundaro (Yuriria).

The following consignments were made according to Chapman:
  Day Month Year Invoice # Medio Un Dos Cuatro Ocho
Sent 30 8 1856 30 5760 4740 2040 300 780
Sent 6 12 1856 88   3000   720  
Sent 24 12 1856 96 3000 3000 3000    
Sent 4 2 1857 23   3000 3000    
Sent 25 2 1857 44     3900    
Sent 3 4 1857 66     2850 480 300
Sent 24 4 1857 80   2000      
Sent 6 5 1857 90     2850    
Sent 1 6 1857 105 960 4000 3800    
Sent 3 7 1857 128     3990    
Sent 3 8 1857 152   4000 4750 300 300
Sent 14 9 1857 180   4000 4750    
Sent 23 9 1857 191   200   600 600
Sent 16 11 1857 227   4000      
Sent 27 11 1857 240     3800    
Returned 21 12 1857     -200      
Sent 29 1 1858 10 1800 8000 9500 600 300
To Guanajuato   2 1858   -1000 -4000 -5000 -400 -500
Sent 19 2 1858 28 1800 8000 9500 600 300
Sent 10 7 1858 97 1500   1900 300 240
Sent 8 8 1858 117   2000 2090 300 240
Sent 8 9 1858 141   5000 4750    
Sent 27 10 1858 163 1500 5000 4750    
Sent 14 1 1859 8   5000 4750    
Sent 25 4 1859 51   2000 1900 600 600
Sent 3 5 1859 56   2000 1900    
Sent 21 7 1859 76   600 570    
Sent 22 8 1859 87   1000 950    
Sent 14 9 1859 96   2000 1140    
Sent 6 12 1859 122 1800   760    
Sent 10 1 1860 4 300 600 380 120  
Sent 27 1 1860 12 600 800 760    
Sent 10 3 1860 30   1600 1520    
Sent 16 6 1860 59 900 1000 1140    
Sent 24 10 1860 93 300 1000 950 60  
Sent 31 12 1860 110 300 1000 950 240 60
Sent 4 2 1861 22 800 800 800 200 150
Sent 16 2 1861 46 10000 3000 2000    
Total sent       36 30320 78140 86690 5020 3370
Returned               -27 -148
Returned         -1776 -720 -341 -178 -78
Total Used 200272 36 28544 77420 86349 4815 3144
Distribution         14.25% 38.66% 43.12% 2.40% 1.57%
Distribution vs. all stamps         3.75% 5.59% 5.37% 3.16% 3.36%

The un real stamps from the first four consignments of 13,740 stamps were most likely from plate I and / or II. This would then mean that 63,680 of the un real stamps were from plate III and / or IV. Un real stamps with large margins are therefore relatively scarce.

The dos reales stamps from the first consignment of 2,040 stamps were most likely in the emerald shade. The next three consignments of 9,900 of dos reales stamps probably consisted entirely of stamps from plate II. The remaining 74,409 dos reales stamps were therefore from plate III.

Queretaro used at least three different overprints:
19 by 3 mm. without dots.
20 by 2 mm. with trailing dot.
18 by 2 mm. without dots.
They are generally nicely struck.

On average, the stamps have normal margins for the issue.

Forgeries from Queretaro are uncommon.

 

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