Orizava (Orizaba)

Orizava, medio real plate 1, pos. 5 & 6.
Pair from top row, with frameline at right.
Orizava, un real plate 1 or 2.
Overprint vertically in the middle of the stamp.

Orizava is located in the state of Veracruz. It was the 13th largest postal district, based on the number of stamps used, and 13th by total value of all stamps used. The average cost of the stamps used was 1.50 reales. Orizava had about 20,500 inhabitants in 1867 (no data available earlier).

Orizava had 5 sub-offices: Cordova, Coscomatepec, Nogales, Puebla and Zongolica.

The following consignments were made according to Chapman:
  Day Month Year Invoice # Medio Un Dos Cuatro Ocho
Sent 30 8 1856 29 5760 4740 2040 300 780
Sent 10 9 1856 49   120      
Sent 3 3 1857 48   1500 3040 720  
Sent 6 5 1857 89   1500 3040    
Sent 13 7 1857 137   1000 1900    
Sent 25 8 1857 169   1000 1900    
Sent 9 10 1857 202   1000 1900    
Sent 17 11 1857 230   3000      
Sent 14 12 1857 256 300 2000 3800    
Sent 2 3 1858 32 300 1000 950 300  
Sent 6 4 1858 47     950    
Sent 11 5 1858 66     1330    
Sent 8 6 1858 79   2000 950    
Sent 15 7 1858 101     1900    
Sent 2 8 1858 109   1200 1140    
Sent 24 8 1858 130   3000 2850    
Sent 16 10 1858 159   2000 3800    
Sent 18 1 1859 11     4750    
Sent 22 2 1859 33   2000 1900    
Sent 17 7 1859 75 420     180  
Sent 26 10 1859 107 600     60 120
Sent 8 2 1860 17 600 600      
Sent 9 5 1860 45   800 950    
Sent 31 12 1860 114 300 400 380 60 60
Sent 5 2 1861 29 300 400 600 100 100
Sent 9 3 1861 64 4000        
Sent 2 4 1861 81 3200        
Total sent       27 15780 29260 40070 1720 1060
Returned         -234 -37   -75 -84
Total Used 87460 27 15546 29223 40070 1645 976
Distribution         17.77% 33.41% 45.82% 1.88% 1.12%
Distribution vs. all stamps         2.04% 2.11% 2.49% 1.08% 1.04%

The Orizava overprint is approximately 15½ by 1½mm. It's generally weakly struck, in black.

On average, the stamps have normal margins for the issue.

Forgeries from Orizava are uncommon.

 

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