Guanajuato (Guanaxuato)

Guanajuato, un real.
Strip of three, right sheet margin. October 1856.

Guanajuato is located in the state of Guanajuato. It was the 5th largest postal district, based on the number of stamps used, and 5th by total value of all stamps used. The average cost of the stamps used was 1.47 reales. Guanajuato had about 49,000 inhabitants in 1850.

Guanajuato had 9 sub-offices: La Luz, Leon de los Aldamas, Penjamo, Piedra Gorda, San Pedro (today Ciudad Manuel Doblado), San Felipe, San luis de la Paz, Silao and Yrapuato (Irapuato).

The following consignments were made according to Chapman:
  Day Month Year Invoice # Medio Un Dos Cuatro Ocho
Sent 30 8 1856 39 11520 9660 4140 660 1620
Sent 8 11 1856 75   3000      
Sent 31 12 1856 101     3000    
Sent 16 1 1857 12 1500 1800 3000 900 480
Sent 18 2 1857 37 1080 2100 3000    
Sent 27 3 1857 60 3000 6000 7600    
Sent 20 5 1857 100 3000 6000 7600    
Sent 15 7 1857 140 1500 3000 3800 300  
Sent 24 8 1857 166     3800    
Sent 18 9 1857 187   1000 1900 300  
Sent 28 9 1857 193 960        
Sent 7 10 1857 201   2000 3800    
Sent 28 10 1857 214 600 2000 1900 600  
Sent 20 11 1857 232 1020 1000      
Sent 3 12 1857 246   1000 1520    
Sent 11 12 1857 253 1620 3600 6460    
From Queretaro   2 1858   1000 4000 5000 400 500
Sent 5 4 1858 43 1200 4000 3800    
Sent 29 4 1858 60 7200     600  
Sent 27 5 1858 71   2000 1900 600 600
Sent 15 6 1858 80 300 1000 950 300 300
Sent 19 7 1858 104 1200   950    
Sent 14 8 1858 122 3000 1000 1900 600  
Sent 23 8 1858 128 1800 2000 1900    
Sent 28 9 1858 152   4000 3800    
Sent 18 11 1858 178 1200 5000 4750 600  
Sent 12 1 1859 6   3000 2850    
Sent 7 2 1859 22   2000 1900 600  
Sent 18 2 1859 30 1200 2000 1900    
Sent 12 8 1859 83 180 600 570    
Sent 22 8 1859 88 180 600 570    
Sent 19 9 1859 98 300 1000 950 180 180
Sent 1 12 1859 117 1800 1000      
Sent 16 1 1860 6 300 1000 950    
Sent 20 2 1860 24 600 800 760   60
Sent 30 4 1860 43 300 600 570 60  
Sent 25 6 1860 63 900 1000 950   60
Sent 31 12 1860 109 300 1000 950 300 120
Sent 4 2 1861 19 800 800 600 200 100
Sent 16 2 1861 51 2872 3014 2000    
Total sent       39 52432 83574 91990 7200 4020
Returned         -43 -160 -17    
Total Used 238996 39 52389 83414 91973 7200 4020
Distribution         21.92% 34.90% 38.48% 3.01% 1.68%
Distribution vs. all stamps         6.88% 6.02% 5.72% 4.73% 4.29%

Guanajuato used at least three overprints:
19½ x 2mm with trailing dot.
18 x 1¾mm without dots
18¼ x 2mm without dots

On average, the stamps have normal margins for the issue.

Forgeries from Guanajuato are uncommon.

The Grito de Dolores, the first call for Mexican independence, was given by Miguel Hidalgo in the town of Dolores near Guanajuato on September 16, 1810.

 

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