Chihuahua

Chihuahua, medio real.
Parral cancel Sz160 in blue.
Chihuahua, dos reales, plate I olive.
Chihuahua Cancel Sz136 in red.
Chihuahua, dos reales, plate I sapphire.
Parral cancel Sz160 in blue.
Chihuahua, dos reales, plate III blue-green.
Guajuquilla cancel Sz156.

Chihuahua is the capital of the state of Chihuahua. It was the 20th largest postal district, based on the number of stamps used, and 19th by total value of all stamps used. The average cost of the stamps used was 1.72 reales. The city of Chihuahua had about 14,000 inhabitants in 1850.

Chihuahua had 16 sub-offices: Allende (Valle de San Bartolome), Mariano Balleza (San Pablo Balleza, San Pablo Tepehuanes), Batosegachic, Cosihuiriachic (Cusihuiriachi), Guadalupe y Calvo, Guajuquilla, Guazapares, La Concepcion, Mineral de Jesus Maria y Jose Rayon, Parral (Hidalgo de Parral), Paso del Norte, Pilar de Conchos, Rio Florido (Villa Coronado), Rosales, Santa Rosalia and Uruachic.

The following consignments were made according to Chapman:
  Day Month Year Invoice # Medio Un Dos Cuatro Ocho
Sent 30 8 1856 14 5760 4740 2040 300 780
Sent 31 12 1856 98   3000 3000    
Sent 7 1 1857 6     1500 1500  
Sent 11 5 1857 94 960 1000 2850    
Sent 15 7 1857 142       600  
Sent 14 8 1857 160     1900    
Sent 26 10 1857 212 600 2000 3800    
Sent 29 1 1858 14 600 1000 3800 300 300
Total sent       8 7920 11740 18890 2700 1080
Returned               -52  
Total Used 42278 8 7920 11740 18890 2648 1080
Distribution         18.73% 27.77% 44.68% 6.26% 2.55%
Distribution vs. all stamps         1.04% 0.85% 1.18% 1.74% 1.15%

7,740 of the un real stamps (129 sheets) were from the wide setting, plate I and / or II, leaving only 4,000 stamps (20 sheets) from plate III and / or IV. Large margins should therefore be expected on most un real stamps.

The first two consignments probably contained 5,040 dos reales from plate I in the emerald and olive shades, while the third probably contained 1,500 stamps in the sapphire shade. However, the consignments could contain more than one shade, and almost any combination is possible, for example 2,040 emerald, 3,000 sapphire and 1,500 olive. 12,350 dos reales stamps from plate III were sent.

The Chihuahua overprint is approximately 21 by 2 mm. It's generally nicely struck.
The overprint is most often found in a horizontal position. Rarely is it found applied vertically. It seems that this practise was reversed sometime shortly after the introduction of the 1861 issue.

On average, the stamps have normal margins for the issue.

Forgeries from Chihuahua are uncommon.

 

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